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初中完形填空ppt

这是初中完形填空ppt,包括了Free talk,完形填空题型分析解读,完形填空的题材、文体分类,2013年河南省中考英语完形填空,完形填空的解题方法和技巧,具体解题步骤,完形填空解题技巧口诀,解题误区等内容,欢迎点击下载。

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中考英语完形填空解题方法与技巧 Free talk What do you think of cloze(完形填空) ? Is it easy or hard for you? K2 - the second highest mountain in the world 完形填空的题材、文体分类 ①文化习俗 ②科普知识 ③著名人物 ④幽默故事 ⑤日常生活 ⑥人生百味 四人一组讨论2013年河南省中考英语完形填空的题材、文体和文章大意,并说出每小题的答案及解题的思路。 2013年河南省中考英语完形填空 King Akbar was in the habit of putting riddles and puzzles to his people. He often asked   36   which were strange. His people had to use words in a   37   way to answer these questions. Once he asked a very strange question. He looked at his people.   38    he looked, one by one the heads began to hang low in search of an answer. It was at this moment that Birbal entered the palace. Birbal   39 the habit of the king. He understood the   40    at once and asked, "May I know the question so that I can 41  for an answer?" Akbar said, "How many crows (乌鸦)are there in this city?" 42    even a moment's thought, Birbal replied "There are fifty thousand five hundred and eighty nine crows, my lord". "How can you be so    43  ?” asked Akbar. Birbal said, "Make you men    44  , My lord. If you find more crows it means some have come to visit their relatives(亲戚) here. If you find    45  crows it means some have gone to visit their relatives elsewhere". Akbar was pleased very much by Birbal's wise answer. ( ) 36. A. questions B. help          C. promise   D. advice ( ) 37. A. common    B. friendly      C. clever     D. silent ( ) 38. A. Though      B. Because     C. If           D. As ( ) 39. A. knew         B. developed   C. hated       D. doubted ( ) 40. A. order         B. information C. danger    D. situation ( ) 41. A. ask            B. wait          C. try            D. reach ( ) 42. A. Before      B. Without        C. Through  D. In ( ) 43. A. smart         B. brave          C. fanny        D. sure ( ) 44. A. catch         B. discuss        C. count      D. visit ( ) 45. A. fewer       B. larger           C. faster      D. older 2013河南省中考完形填空考点解析 本题材为一篇幽默故事。题目设置上较注重对语篇整体理解能力和词义辨析的考查。根据语篇上下文的语意、逻辑和句法寻找线索,进行合理的推理和猜测,就能做出正确的选择。 36.A【解析】考查名词意义辨析。宾语questions提示和动词ask构成动宾关系,表示“问问题”,由下一段第一句可知Akbar经?;嵛势婀值奈侍?。 37. C【解析】考查形容词意义辨析。前文had to “不得不”,提示下文用形容词clever表示“明智的;聪明的”。 38.D【解析】考查连词意义辨析。下文“他的臣民们低下头寻找答案”可知前文是时间状语从句,用as引导时间状语从句表示“当……时候”。 39.A【解析】考查动词意义辨析。根据下句“他立刻明白了当前的形势”可知上文是伯巴勒“知道”国王猜谜的习惯。用动词knew表示“知道;了解”。 40.D【解析】考查名词意义辨析。承接上文“他了解国王的习惯”,说明他明白当时的“形势”,用situation表示“情况;形势”。 41.C【解析】考查动词意义辨析。动词try 和for连用,try for 表示“谋求;尝试”,和answer构成动宾关系,表示“寻找一个答案”。 42.B【解析】考查介词意义辨析。下文他立刻说出了一个具体数字,和even“甚至”的提示意义说明上文是“甚至没有经过片刻的思索”,用介词without表示“无;没有”,表示否定意义。 43.D【解析】考查形容词意义辨析。对于他说出的具体数字,根据常理推测,国王是询问“你如何能这么确信?”be sure表示“确信的;有把握的”。 44.C【解析】考查动词意义辨析。承接上文,伯巴勒回答国王的问题是“让你的臣民们数一下”,用动词count表示“数”,和上面的数字对应。 45.A【解析】考查形容词比较级意义辨析。综合这两句话的意义“如果多了就是有来走亲戚的;如果少了,是去走亲戚了”可以推断空格处用fewer,表示“少”这一意义,和上句的more对应。 二、完形填空的解题方法和技巧 尽管看起来形式上有残缺(若干个空),但它的内容和语言习惯、句与句之间的衔接点、句子与段落之间的联系、段落与段落之间的逻辑顺序仍或隐或现地存在于篇章之中。因此,在做完形填空题时,通读全文、明了大意、理清观点、分清层次是十分重要的一步。我们必须自始至终依托语境,注意上下文之间、词与词之间、从语法到意义的合理搭配。 完形填空。 共205词 推荐做题时间 10分钟 Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 5 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. Step 2 通读全文, 把握脉络 Xiao Qiang,… 通过跳过空格,通览全文,我们明白了大意、理清了观点、分清了层次。 本文讲述了许多青少年学生在课余时间奔走于各种各样的after school activities 的问题,专家呼吁Kids need time to relax. Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 5 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. Step 3 瞻前顾后,上下求索 本着先易后难的原则,先根据上下文和自己的语感,推测部分空格的可能答案,并划出语篇标志和答题暗示。然后,再结合选项逐一敲定。 完形填空。 (共205词 推荐做题时间 10分钟) Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 5 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. 完形填空。 共205词 推荐做题时间 10分钟 Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 46 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. 完形填空。 共205词 推荐做题时间 10分钟 Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 5 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. 完形填空。 共205词 推荐做题时间 10分钟 Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 5 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. Step 4 再读文章,核查答案 将所有答案代入空格后,重新将短文复读一遍,争取做到:结构正确+语义通顺+逻辑合理。 保留解题痕迹的卷面: Xiao Qiang,a l 2-year-old Chinese boy,has too many activities.His father 1 him away from school four afternoons a week and drives him across town to practice.“I do most of my 2 in the car when we are 3 to practice,and I have to do the rest when I get home.I am too tried, I just want to sleep.” He said. “More and more kids become unhappy 4 they have too many activities to do.” said Mr. Wang,an expert(专家)of child development.“4l%of the children aged 9-13 said they felt 5 most of the time,and more than 75%0f them said that they wished they had more 6 to play.” “Over-scheduling (过量的课程安排) is a growing problem for Chinese families.” said Mr. Wang.It is not good for both kids and their parents. More families eat dinner 7 or often eat fast food 8 their way to football practice or music lessons. We all know it is important for kids to learn how to relax. If they don’t learn that now, it will be more difficult to learn when they get 9 . Kids need time to relax. Parents should 10 about what is right for kids. Step 4 再读文章,核查答案 将所有答案代入空格后,重新将短文复读一遍,争取做到:结构正确+语义通顺+逻辑合理。 具体解题步骤 完形填空解题技巧口诀 要想完形做得好,语篇理解最重要。 语义语用是考点,逻辑关系要判断。 重首尾,看提示,平行结构要注意。 依语法,找搭配,根据常识来选择。 做标志,找关键,先易后难看时间。 按照步骤来做题,利用技巧闯难关。 Task 2 按照解题步骤,利用解题技巧两人小组完成2014年河南省中考模拟题,保留解题的痕迹。 【2016模拟】完形填空 One day the bathroom door had slammed on Timmy’s finger. The doctor asked if we had found the tip of Timmy’s finger. He said there was a small chance of 36 it if we could get it to him quickly. Pulling myself out of a daze, I ran back to the bathroom. 37 , it had already turned blue. I knew from the look on the doctor’s face that it was too late. I felt helpless, unable to take the pain away from my little boy. Then a(n) 38 came to me. I whispered in his ear, “Timmy, did you know that lizards(蜥蜴) grow their tails back and little boys can grow their fingers back too?” Timmy’s soft green eyes grew wide 39 excitement. “They can?” he asked, obviously surprised by the thought, “And 40 ?” I told him, “Inside your head you have a little voice telling your finger how much you love it and how much you 41 it.” I could see Timmy’s little face focused in deep concentration. Then I continued, “Now just say, grow for me finger, grow. I love you and I need you.” A few 42 later, Timmy said to me, “I'm talking to my 43 every day, wishing it well.” Weeks later, Timmy ran towards me. “See,” he said, “It’s growing back really good!” A year later, Timmy’s finger 44 back and became well again just as any finger could be. Timmy remains forever in my heart as a constant reminder of the 45 of miracles. ( )36. A. putting B. saving C. keeping D. losing ( )37. A. Unfortunately B. Clearly C. Possibly D. Strangely ( )38. A. plan B. dream C. idea D. answer ( )39. A. of B. with C. at D. in ( )40. A. what B. why C. where D. how ( )41. A. thank B. give C. help D. need ( )42. A. days B. weeks C. years D. minutes ( )43. A. mother B. finger C. doctor D. lizard ( )44. A. went B. grew C. came D. turned ( )45. A. opportunity B. strength C. importance D. possibility 36. B 根据上句医生询问是否已经找到蒂米的手指可推测。 37. A 根据下文“it was too late”可判断”it had already turned blue”是不幸的。 38. C 根据下文可推测出“我”想到了个“idea”。 39. B 根据句意可知由于激动蒂米的眼睁大了,介词with可表原因。 40. D 根据上文可推测他想知道怎样能让他的手指再长出来 41. D 根据下文的“I love you and I need you”可以判断。 42. A 根据下文的”weeks later…; A year later…”可以推测出答案。 43. B 根据上文“Now just say, grow for me finger,…”可推测出答案。 44. B 根据上文”It’s growing back really good!” 可以推测出答案。 45. D 根据全文可判断此处要表达“他永远在我的心中是一个奇迹的可能性的提醒。” 完成完形填空专练 试卷1

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